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Today: Friday11 Esfand 1402March 1, 202420 Shaban 1445
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Holidays And Events

6
Birthday of Imam Mahdi (AATFS)
14
Kindness and Charity Day
15
Arbor Day
29
Nationalization of Oil Industry in IRAN

 Date Converter 

Taghvim تقویم

Taghvim is a system used for dividing time into days, weeks, months, and years. It is widely used in many cultures throughout the world and serves as an essential tool for planning and organizing daily life.

The Solar Hijri taghvim, also known as the Iranian calendar, is the most widely used taghvim today. It is based on the astronomical observations of the sun's movement and is primarily used in Iran and Afghanistan. The Solar Hijri taghvim consists of 12 months, each with 29 or 30 days. The last month, Esfand, has 29 days and 30 days in a leap year.

The Solar Hijri taghvim is an important cultural and religious aspect of Iranian and Afghan society. It is used to determine the dates of Islamic holidays, such as Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr, as well as national holidays and important historical events. Many traditional Persian festivals and celebrations are also based on the Solar Hijri taghvim.

In addition to the Solar Hijri taghvim, there are many other taghvim systems used throughout the world, including the Islamic calendar, the Hebrew calendar, and the Chinese calendar. Each system has its unique features and cultural significance.

With the rise of digital technology, taghvim has become even more accessible and customizable. Many software applications and online resources are available to help people track and manage their schedules and appointments according to the taghvim system of their choice.

In conclusion, taghvim serves as an essential tool for organizing and tracking time in many cultures throughout the world. The Solar Hijri taghvim is the most widely used taghvim system today and holds great cultural and religious significance for the people of Iran and Afghanistan.


Etymology

The word "calendar" comes from the Latin "calendarium," meaning "account book" or "register," later applied to a schedule of important dates. "Taghvim" is a Persian term for a calendar or almanac, with its roots in the ancient Zoroastrian religion and continued use in the Islamic and modern periods. It is derived from the Persian words "tagh" meaning arrangement, and "vim" meaning days.

History

The history of taghvim is a long and complex one, spanning thousands of years and countless civilizations. From the earliest known taghvim of the Sumerians to the development of the Persian calendar and beyond, societies throughout history have sought to measure time and organize their lives according to the passage of days, months, and years. Today, the modern taghvim is the result of centuries of refinement and innovation.

Systems

There have been many systems of taghvim throughout history, each with its own unique characteristics and purposes. Some, like the Mayan taghvim, were based on astronomical observations and cycles. Others, like the Islamic taghvim, were tied to religious observances. Still others, like the French Revolutionary taghvim, were designed to reflect political or cultural revolutions.

Subdivisions

Taghvim are often subdivided into smaller units of time to track the passage of days and months more precisely. The most common subdivisions of taghvim are weeks, days, and hours. These subdivisions are used in various combinations in different taghvim to reflect the needs and cultural practices of their respective societies.

Usage

Different countries use various taghvim systems, depending on their cultural, historical, and religious backgrounds. For example, the Gregorian calendar is the most widely used taghvim system in the world, but some countries, like Iran, use the Iranian calendar. The Hebrew, Islamic, and Chinese taghvim systems are also widely used in their respective countries.

Shamsi

The Shamsi calendar, also known as the Iranian calendar, is a solar calendar used in Iran and Afghanistan. It was adopted during the reign of the Seljuk Empire in the 11th century and is based on the length of the tropical year, with 12 months of varying lengths. The first day of the year in the Shamsi calendar falls on the vernal equinox, usually around March 21st.

Gregorian

The Gregorian calendar is a solar taghvim used for civil purposes worldwide. It was introduced in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII to replace the Julian calendar. The Gregorian calendar has 365 days, except for leap years, which have an extra day, and is the most widely used taghvim system in the world.

Religious

A religious taghvim is a system of organizing and commemorating significant events and observances in a particular faith tradition. It typically includes important holy days, festivals, and rituals that are observed throughout the year, often based on the lunar or solar cycles. Examples of religious taghvim include the Islamic Hijri taghvim, the Jewish taghvim, and the Christian liturgical taghvim.

National

A national taghvim is a system of organizing and commemorating important events and observances in a particular country. It typically includes significant historical dates, national holidays, and other cultural celebrations that are recognized by the government or widely observed by the population. Examples of national taghvim include the Gregorian calendar used in many Western countries, as well as various traditional taghvim used in different parts of the world.

Fiscal

A fiscal taghvim is a system used by organizations to track and manage their financial operations. It typically consists of a 12-month period that does not necessarily align with the calendar year, and may be used for budgeting, accounting, and financial reporting purposes. Fiscal taghvim may vary between organizations, with some starting on January 1st and others starting on a different date based on their business needs.

Formats

Formats of taghvim refer to the different physical layouts or designs that taghvim can take. The most common formats include wall taghvim, desk taghvim, pocket taghvim, and digital taghvim. Each format has its own unique features and advantages, such as portability, visibility, customization options, and the ability to include different types of information, such as images or notes. Choosing the right format depends on personal preference, as well as the intended use and location of the taghvim.

Iranian Calendar: Stay Up-to-Date with Taghvim

Are you looking for a reliable and comprehensive multicultural calendar? Do you need to plan for upcoming holidays or events, or find the perfect birthday gift for a loved one? Are you in search of a precise Persian/Gregorian/Hijri date converter?

Look no further than the Iranian Calendar (Taghvim تقویم ایرانی)! Our easy-to-use platform offers a wealth of features to keep you informed and organized, including:
  • A Farsi/English multilingual interface for easy navigation
  • Shamsi (Jalali), Gregorian, or Hijri calendar formats to suit your preferences
  • A fast and user-friendly date converter for converting between different calendar systems
  • Completely free to use
Stay tuned for even more features and improvements in future updates. Thank you for choosing the Iranian Calendar to help you stay up-to-date and organized.